How to Write an Abstract


General Information

Seeing as Internet publication databases commonly include nothing other than abstracts, it’s essential to devise a comprehensive but succinct presentation of your paper. This way, you’ll be able to attract your target audience and persuade them to get a copy of the entire work. In this article, we’ll tell you everything you need to know about devising an excellent computer architecture abstract. Our information covers both conference and journal papers. When writing your abstract, you ought to include the following aspects: purpose, issue assertion, method, findings, and conclusions. If you cover all of these points, you’ll have a greater shot at convincing your potential readers to acquire and read your full work.


Seeing as nowadays the utilization of Internet search databases is very widespread, devising a great abstract has become much more decisive than it was in the past. Abstracts have always had the purpose of “promoting” an author’s paper. Nevertheless, in our time, an abstract must accomplish more than simply persuade the reader to get out of the house and search for a copy of the paper in a library (or, even less convenient, get a copy via inter-library loan, which involves monstrous waiting times). When dealing with business circumstances, the “executive synopsis” is in many cases the single fragment of an account read by those individuals who can make a difference. Consequently, it ought to include similar information and have a similar approach to that of a journal abstract.

What to Include in Your Abstract

In spite of the fact that your abstract needs to be pretty succinct, it needs to accomplish almost as much as the full work it introduces. As a result, when dealing with a computer architecture paper, your abstract ought to comprise the segments described below. Each of these segments is usually made of just one sentence. However, no one says you can’t get creative! These sections can be combined or stretched over an array of sentences. This being said, when writing an abstract for your paper, you should comply with the following checklist:
  • Purpose:

What are the reasons for which we need to concern ourselves with the issue and the outcomes? In case the issue isn’t clearly “compelling," a good idea would be to talk about your motivation first. On the other hand, if your paper approaches an issue that is widely acknowledged as significant, it’s advisable to start with the issue assertion to mention which part of the bigger issue you’re going to cover. This segment of your abstract ought to comprise the significance of your paper, the hardships of the field and the influence it could exert if it succeeds.
  • Issue assertion:

Talk about the issue you’re attempting to fix and the span of your paper (a universal approach or a particular problem). Make sure you don’t overuse professional language. In certain situations, it might be a good idea to talk about the issue assertion before presenting the purpose. However, this method is applicable only when the majority of readers are already aware of the significance of the issue.
  • Method:

Talk about what you did to fix the issue or how you made significant progress. Mention the methods you utilized, such as simulation, system patterns, template creation, or examination of field information on a particular commodity. Talk about the magnitude of the paper (did you study a single software or 50 software packages in 10 distinct programming languages?). Mention the significant variables you managed, disregarded or assessed.
  • Findings:

Indicate the results you came across. The majority of high-quality computer architecture papers reach the conclusion that something is quicker, more economical, tinier or overall superior to something else by a certain percentage. Mention these findings. Include the exact values. Steer clear of ambiguous, insubstantial findings like “extremely," “low” or “important." You’re allowed to be ambiguous only when you can discuss orders-of-magnitude development. Here we feel the need to emphasize the fact that you mustn’t mention values that one can easily misunderstand. Nevertheless, you cannot afford to include all the caveats.
  • Conclusions:

Talk about the consequences of your findings. Is your answer significant enough to change the world as we know it (quite improbable)? Is it a major “victory” or a useful development? Or did you merely succeed in establishing that a particular course of action is unfeasible (all of the prior findings are helpful)? Are your findings universal or prone to universalization? Or are your findings only relevant to a specific situation?

Additional Aspects

Your abstract needs to represent an all-inclusive, summarized portrayal of your work. You need to avoid determining (or trying to stimulate) the reader to flip through searching for clarification for an ambiguous affirmation. Your abstract needs to make sense in its entirety. Here are a few aspects you should take into account:
  • Stick to the designated word count. In case your abstract has too many words, it will either be declined or shortened until it gets to the required word limit. To make sure all of your objectives are met, you should be the one who performs the hard assignment of shortening the abstract. If another person does it, they may pay more attention to reaching the word count limit rather than illustrating your endeavors in the most favorable way. In general, an abstract must have between 150 and 200 words.

  • You ought to express all of the substantial limitations of your findings. To do so, you should utilize terms like “may," “might," “could” or “appears to be."

  • Ponder on a couple of search terms and keywords that your potential readers may utilize. Those precise terms must be included in the abstract of your paper. This way, you’ll make sure your readers can find your work when doing online searches.

  • In general, the topic of a paper is determined by the publication that features it (for instance, the articles featured in the IEEE Computer periodical usually cover the topic of computer technology). However, in case your work is featured in a publication relatively uncommon for this field of knowledge, you need to mention the field or subject area when you write the issue assertion.

  • Certain publications demand the inclusion of “keywords," which serve two functions. Keywords are utilized for the purpose of easing up the keyword listing searching process. However, the significance of these searches is considerably diminished nowadays, seeing as internet abstract text searches are prevalent. On the other hand, keywords are also utilized when attributing papers to evaluation boards or publishers, which may be decisive to your success. Thus, you ought to check if the keywords you choose facilitate the process of attributing the paper to a specific evaluation category. For instance, in case you have access to an index of discussion subjects, a good idea would be to utilize the subject domain you opted for as one of the keyword tuples.

Final Considerations

Devising a high-quality abstract is not easy. However, if you do it right, you may be able to exert a bigger influence on the world by persuading your target audience to read your work. When you start writing an abstract for your paper, be sure to mention each of the aspects that are essential to a winning abstract!
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