A guide to writing an excellent conclusion

A conclusion paragraph's goal lies in summing up the essence of what you've written in your paper. It is undoubtedly supposed to be a memorable and influential part of any piece of text, and there are specific reasons for that. A conclusion should contain a reference to a central idea of your writing. In most cases, the contents of an introduction and a conclusion coincide. That is why it is reasonable to use similar language and text structure once again.

Nevertheless, don't forget that the conclusion is the final part of your paper, and your readers are going to pay attention to it. So, you have to remember several things before you start writing it. We have summed up some of the most widespread mistakes in writing conclusions and some useful tips to avoid them.

All the main issues you've presented in your introduction may serve as a basis for your conclusion. In case you started your paper with something like ‘There are some unhealthy dishes in the modern fast-food industry,' the conclusion may contain a passage like: ‘French fries, soda, and ice-cream are harmful types of food these days.'

In case you have to deal with a quite large piece of written text, try to focus on each separate part of it. There is no problem with that if your writing is fully packed with information. For instance, if your paper is about modern city extreme sports, you may write about them once again: ‘Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX are quite popular kinds of extreme sports nowadays.’

Give your readers some food for thoughts and let them extracts some new information from your paper. Try to push their way of thinking in a correct direction, like ‘We have to be careful with water resources of the Earth.’ Finish your text with words like ‘Turn of the water when you brush your teeth.’

Some secrets of making a perfect conclusion

One should not forget that a conclusion is summing up of all the information you want to present in your paper. In case you provide your written piece of text with a lousy closing part, it may spoil an impression of your work.

The essence of a conclusion

  • This is the final part that your reader will deal with while reading your text.
  • It summarizes all the information you wanted to convey.
  • It brings evidence of your success in composing a paper.
  • It is an approval of your paper thesis.
  • It brings the idea of an essay a sense of closure.

Conclusion structure

One may say that a conclusion is an inversion of an introduction. But mind that the introductory part contains but never starts with some information that leads to a particular topic. The conclusion, in turn, may start with it right away.

The ultimate goal of any conclusion is to wrap up what you have said in your text. Don’t forget to include the main idea of your writing in your conclusion as otherwise, it will make no sense. Also, remember that the conclusion is somewhat similar to the introductory part, so don’t be afraid to use similar patterns once again but in different words. However, there are several specific tips that you have to keep in mind while writing this paragraph.

Some items a conclusion must have

  • A conclusion summarizes whatever you want to convey to your readers.
  • It is supposed to have an apparent connection to body paragraphs.
  • A thesis is to be restated.
  • But don’t try to deliver your thesis the same way you did it before, as it may seem useless. Give it a second life by adding some new evidence.
  • Readers should see that you have succeeded in bringing up a central idea of your paper.
  • Don't come up with new ideas in your conclusion. In case a good thought occurs to you, and it breaks out your paper concept, try to move it to the body or exclude it whatsoever.
  • Every paragraph’s topic and the central idea of a text have to be summed up here.
  • The last sentences of a conclusion should give your readers an accomplishment as it is supposed to be all the work’s closure. Here, you have to point out how important these ideas are and give the audience some understanding of your paper topic.
  • The end of your text should be enlightening, positive, inspiring, or motivating and leave your readers no doubt that they have learned something valuable from reading it.

Tips for making a powerful conclusion

There are several practical techniques for writing a winning conclusion. One of the most popular among them has to do with provoking your readers to think over the main idea of your paper. Try to make your reader involved by digging into all the main points of your writing. Rhetorical questions are quite an excellent tool for achieving such an effect on your audience.

In case there is no mutual connection between your audience and your text, you have high chances to fail in delivering a great piece of writing to them. They say that if your book is incapable of touching your readers' hearts and minds, it means that you have failed as an author. The same thing concerns academic writing.

Your ideas have to be present throughout the text. In case you divide your writing into several parts with different writing forms and theses, readers may lose your point. Don't forget that imagery is vital in making a text whole and accomplished. In some way, body paragraphs of your writing are a bridge between an introduction and a conclusion, which forms a paper structure. No conclusion can include anything but the ideas that you've already presented throughout your text. They should, however, be worded differently. Every reader has to live through this piece of writing and get an insight of the topic within it. Try to use provocative questions and meaningful examples to force your audience into thinking. This differs a winning conclusion from a weak one.

Revise the conclusion as thoroughly as any other part of the text. The excuses like ‘I couldn't concentrate any longer,' will cost you a high grade that you could have got.

Avoid wrong patterns in writing a conclusion

  • Don't start with phrases that have been used too often before. Some may be good for a speech or public performances but dull and ineffective when it comes to using in a written text.
  • Don’t use anything synonymic to ‘In my humble opinion…’ You have to be sure in every single word you say in conclusion.
  • Don’t underestimate the balance between the theory and practice. It is especially relevant when you make a call for action. It has to be consistent with everything you said before.
  • Don’t introduce your audience to anything new in your conclusion. Including new theses and information that is absent in body paragraphs will show that you lack writing skills and are unable to stick to the main course of the text.
  • No new evidence or explanations are suitable for your conclusion, either. Instead of adding them, try to provoke your readers to dig into all topics of your paper.
  • Don't make any passages stand out of your main text emotionally. In case a conclusion is too emotionally charged, your audience may suspect that you are veiling the absence of facts.

Zero effect conclusions

Some useless conclusions may take place when writers get somewhat obsessed with their theses. This may lead your reader to think that you lack new ideas or are short for words.

The same thing concerns unexpected turns within the text which are supposed to have a ‘wow’ effect on readers. This is quite ineffective as it has been used thousands of times and has lost its original meaning.

Don't make your conclusion too outstanding from the rest of the text. This approach is also overused and may seem disappointing to many readers.

Some extra tips for writing this essential part of the text

  • These rules have been found out after reading hundreds of essays, and they will inevitably be useful for you.
  • Before you get down to writing your conclusion, look through the body of your text and try to catch the ideas for the closing part of your paper. It is also beneficial to make some notes for a conclusion while you are writing body paragraphs.
  • Readers should have no questions like ‘Why am I reading this at all?' Thus, your paper should have more aims than merely repeating someone else's conclusions.
  • Make sure that ways of solving problems that you provide your readers with are indeed practical and applicable to real-life situations.
  • Stress that the topic under your consideration is essential to all audiences and explain why.
  • Include more real-life examples in your conclusion. This will surely help you get more response from your readers.
  • Try to make your conclusion creative and original. Keep in mind that this is the last part of your text the audience reads. It is easy to spoil everything with that part. So, do your best to leave a good impression of your text and yourself as a writer.

Wrapping up

A winning conclusion should contain some original ideas that could be traced within the body of the text. Anu new information that you might add in this part should only support the main body of your work but not contradict its content. The connection between the introduction and the conclusion should be evident. Through the conclusion, a reader should feel that the writer fully reveals the main idea of the text. Mind that an outstanding conclusion leaves readers space for thoughts and opinions of their own and provoke them to action.

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